Bone augmentation or bone graft describes a group of procedures done to prepare a patient for dental implants, which are used to replace missing teeth at our dental clinic. Tooth loss, however, often leads to bone loss. The presence of the teeth and the act of chewing stimulates the production of new bone cells to keep the jaw strong. Conversely, a missing tooth will cause the body to eventually reabsorb the bone, so the jawbone becomes thinner and softer than it should be.
Loss of the upper molars can have particularly severe consequences, for it expands the sinus cavity. The resulting air pressure accelerates and exacerbates the resorption the bone. Wearing dentures also makes bone loss worse for they can wear away the ridge of bone on which they sit. That’s why dentures start to fit poorly. In the worst cases, the entire lower third of the face can collapse as the bone loss draws the mouth inward while making the nose and chin more prominent.
What Does Bone Augmentation Involve?
There are several different techniques, and our dentist will choose one depending on the severity of the bone loss and its location. Our dental clinic has the option of using bone taken from another part of the patient’s body, or using processed bone instead. Once the new bone is in place, the graft will both fuse with the existing jawbone and stimulate the production of new bone cells.
The recovery will usually take several months. The patient will be given antibiotics and an antibacterial mouthwash to prevent infection, and they may also be given pain relievers. Our dentist will advise them on which foods they should avoid during recovery. When the dentist is satisfied that the patient has recovered from the bone graft, they will place the implant.
What Is a Sinus Lift?
A sinus lift or sinus augmentation is a type of bone augmentation done on the upper jaw right below the maxillary sinuses. It is performed on patients who have lost upper molars or premolars.
The dentist will often use bone taken from the patient’s own body; it might be taken from their tibia or hip. This type of augmentation will increase the size of the jawbone and reduce the sinus to its original size. As with other bone augmentation procedures, recovery will take months.
To learn more about whether or not you qualify for this procedure at our dental clinic, you can reach out to the professionals at Carnegie Dental Clinic in Victoria, BC. Contact us today to schedule your consultation!