If you have a sore tooth, gently clean around it with a soft bristle toothbrush and with floss. Then rinse your mouth with warm salt water to displace any food trapped between your teeth.
NEVER apply aspirin directly on the aching tooth or on the gum.
If your face is swollen, apply a cold compress. For temporary pain relief, use acetaminophen.
If the pain or swelling doesn’t go away by the next day, see a dentist as soon as possible.
Bruised, Cut or Bitten Tongue, Lip or Cheek
To reduce bruising or swelling, apply water ice or an ice pack meant for treating injuries. NEVER apply an ice pack that’s meant for cooling food or drinks, because they can cause frostbite.
For bleeding, apply firm but gentle pressure with sterile gauze or a clean cloth. If the bleeding doesn’t stop with pressure or continues for more than 15 minutes, go to an emergency room.
Broken Braces and Wires
Only remove a broken brace bracket or wire if it comes out easily. If it’s stuck or painful to remove, cover any protruding edges with wax, cotton balls, gauze or chewing gum.
If you have any wire caught in your gums, cheek or tongue DO NOT try to remove it yourself; see a dentist as soon as possible.
Emergency attention is usually not required for a loose or broken dental appliance that causes no discomfort.
If you break a tooth rinse your mouth with warm water, and put a cold compress over the face where the injury is. Recover any pieces of the broken tooth, and see a dentist right away.
Knocked Out Permanent Tooth
If a tooth has been knocked out, recover it and hold it by the top and not the root end. Rinse the tooth with warm water, but don’t clean or handle the tooth more than necessary. Reinsert the tooth in its socket and hold it in place using a clean piece of gauze or cloth. If you can’t put the tooth back in its place, place it in a cup of milk or water. Then see a dentist immediately. A lost permanent tooth can be saved, but getting help as soon as possible is essential.