Gum disease (periodontitis) is what occurs when the soft tissues that support your teeth become severely inflamed, irritated, and infected. Often the result of poor oral hygiene habits, it’s a condition that’s largely considered preventable. To help with your efforts to reduce your risk of dealing with gum disease, here’s a closer look at what specifically causes this type of dental problem.
Plaque is the sticky, white film that often forms between your teeth. This thick film is also loaded with bacteria, which is what can trigger the early stages of gum disease. There’s nothing you can do to completely prevent plaque, but what you can do is brush, floss, and rinse after meals to keep it from accumulating.
The various chemicals in tobacco products can affect how gum cells develop, which can leave you more susceptible to gum infection and irritation. Tissue healing and regeneration can also be affected. This is especially true if you chew tobacco products instead of smoking them.
Pregnancy-Related Hormonal Changes
Simply expecting a baby doesn’t automatically mean you’ll have gum disease. But your gums will be more likely to become inflamed, red, puffy, or irritated when you brush or floss. This just means you’ll need to be a bit more mindful of your oral health during your pregnancy. The good news is that this added gum sensitivity usually disappears after you give birth.
Some prescription drugs alter saliva production or flow. Saliva is important because it helps keep bacteria levels within your mouth in check. So, if this watery liquid isn’t being produced normally, you could up with a dry mouth. In turn, this could make it easier for bacteria to gather and multiply in a way that boosts your odds of developing gum disease.
Crooked, Misshapen, or Misaligned Teeth
Teeth that overlap one another or ones that are crooked or misshapen in some way can create attractive breeding grounds for germs. Misalignments, in particular, can leave more space for plaque to accumulate. The solution is to be a bit more cautious about brushing in these areas. If the misalignment is severe, you can talk to our dentist about possible corrective options.
Daily brushing is a good way to keep your gums healthy and prevent gum disease. Regularly seeing a dentist for routine checkups and more thorough cleanings and paying attention to any changes in your gums are some other steps you can take to enjoy healthier gums less susceptible to infection, irritation, and disease. To learn more about prevention, speak with the educated staff at Carnegie Dental Clinic in Victoria, BC. Contact us today to schedule your appointment!